Dr John Coulter ✍ In spite of the jolly atmosphere in the House of Commons last week as most of the newly-elected MPs took their seats on the green benches at Westminster for the first time, back home in Northern Ireland, the Christian churches should hold their own post mortem on the election results.

With Sinn Fein and the SDLP holding their respective seats fuelling talk of the mythical border poll, and the DUP losing seats sparking yet more gossip about Unionist unity, the Christian churches also need to ask themselves some serious questions about their relevance under a Labour regime in the UK.

There is a real need now for those churches to set aside petty theological differences about who the Biblical Antichrist is, should women wear hats to church, which form of baptism is correct, and how often should the sacrament of communion be held.

In many Northern Ireland constituencies, the voter turnout was well below 60 per cent. The churches need to ask - how many Christians stayed at home? Put bluntly, if the churches want to have their voices heard in a Labour-dominated Parliament, they need to champion the cause of Australian-style compulsory voting.

Within some sections of Christian theology, there is a viewpoint among evangelicals and fundamentalists that when a person becomes a born again Christian according to the Biblical doctrine of salvation, they should adopt a ‘come ye out from amongst them’ attitude to the world - and this includes not voting.

However, Christians cannot adopt a hypocritical Biblical Pharisee attitude and moan about the advances of the secular society or the liberal views of elected representatives if they have not bothered to vote in the first place.

While there may not be council, Assembly or Westminster elections in Northern Ireland for a few years, this gives the churches time to organise their flocks into an effective lobby group with a common agenda - getting compulsory voting as part of UK citizenship.

Could you imagine how the political landscape of Northern Ireland would be radically changed if we had a 96 per cent turnout of voters in each of the 18 constituencies?

Of course, the main hurdle in achieving this common agenda among the churches is that Christians love to argue among themselves. Theological liberals find it hard to agree with theological evangelicals; broad-minded ecumenists would differ from hardline fundamentalists. In practical terms, Christian unity in Northern Ireland has become as big a myth as Unionist unity.

Practically, what the churches need to do as a starting point is to copy the tactics of the Southern Baptist churches in the United States in the Sixties during the civil rights era for Afro-Americans - they got their congregations registered as voters.

For a start, if every person who calls themselves a Christian in Northern Ireland, of whatever theological standpoint or denomination, got themselves on the electoral roll and pledged to vote at the next election, what impact would that have on those who were elected?

A Churches Voter Forum needs to be established with the sole purpose of getting all Christians registered to vote. Surely that can be achieved without anyone compromising their theological beliefs?

The next step would be the most challenging - establishing an agenda of core beliefs which the Churches Voter Forum could put to wanna-be candidates and parties. Unfortunately, this is where the theological differences and petty squabbles between the Christian denominations would kick in.

However, there is one part of Scripture which the vast majority of all Christians agree upon - the role of Christ’s Sermon on the Mount, also known as the Beatitudes; the ‘blessed are …’ passages of the New Testament.

Surely no Christian could disagree with these specific teachings of Christ? This being the case, could a future Churches Voter Forum get candidates and parties to sign up to this agenda? Put bluntly, Christian voters would be asked by their denominations to plump for any candidates who sign up to the Beatitudes Agenda.

Currently, as a result of this month’s General Election there is a perception that the real political battle in Northern Ireland is for middle ground politics. This also fuels the false perception that middle ground also applies to theology - that it is only liberal Christians who are interested in, or will influence, the electoral process.

Other false perceptions have existed - and still do! During the Paisley senior era, the Free Presbyterian Church he founded in 1951 was viewed as the DUP at prayer, just as in 2024 some pentecostal churches have been unjustly branded as the TUV at prayer.

There is the false perception that theological evangelicals and fundamentalists are being increasingly sidelined in what is viewed as the forward march of secularism and pluralism in Northern Ireland, especially among young and first time voters.

Like Unionism and nationalism, the Christian churches will have some serious thinking to do as they ponder the implications of the election results.

For the churches, the key question will be bluntly simple - how do we become a relevant voice which is listened to in a secular society? The sooner the churches get their act together in voter mobilisation, the better placed they will be for the next poll.

The bitter medicine which the churches may have to swallow is that if they bury their heads in the pews, the significance of the so-called ‘church vote’ will become increasingly irrelevant and voiceless in future elections.

Christ Himself took positive action against the money changers in the Temple; the time has come for churches to practically follow His example and organise the flocks.
 
Follow Dr John Coulter on Twitter @JohnAHCoulter
Listen to commentator Dr John Coulter’s programme, Call In Coulter, every Saturday morning around 10.15 am on Belfast’s Christian radio station, Sunshine 1049 FM. Listen online.

Churches Need To Lobby For Compulsory Voting

Lynx By Ten To The Power Of One Thousand One Hundred And Twenty Five

A Digest of News ✊ from Ukrainian Sources ⚔ 8-July-2024.

In this week’s bulletin

⬤ Report: Ukrainian resistance to Russian occupation.
Plus more religious persecution by Russia.
⬤ Plus occupation of Kherson.
⬤ Plus Russian torture.
⬤ Plus Russian execution of Prisoners.

News from the territories occupied by Russia

More sentences passed, one escalated for studying the Bible in Russian-occupied Crimea (Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group, July 5th)

Ukrainian POW wounded, but survives after the Russians gun down four of his comrades after they surrendered (Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group, July 5th)

Russia resorts to fake medical assessments to conceal death sentence against Crimean Tatar civic journalist Amet Suleimanov (Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group, July 4th)

Pensioner jailed in Russian-occupied Crimea for expressing support for Ukraine in a shop (Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group, July 3rd)

Ukraine has successfully secured the return of Nariman Dzhelial (Crimea Platform on X, July 2nd)

Russian occupation of Kherson: ‘you can’t breathe freely’ (Meduza, 2 July)

Russia’s Investigative Committee tortures Ukrainians for fabricated ‘trials’, and now demands the death penalty (Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group, July 2nd)

Nariman Dzhelyal, tortured Donbas hostages and Berdiansk priests freed, others remain in Russian captivity and in danger (Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group, July 1st)

Technology for creating an enemy image (Eastern Human Rights Group, July 2024)

Crossing thresholds: Ukrainian resistance to Russian occupation (Jade McGlynn, CSIS, 18 June)

Life Under Occupation (May-June 2024)

News from the front

Died in combat (Solidarity Collectives on X, July 4th)

Ukrainian journalist and writer Stanislav Aseyev wounded in combat zone – photos (Ukrainska Pravda, July 2nd)

Russia is ordering its troops to kill Ukrainian prisoners of war – why? (Independent, July 2nd)

News from Ukraine – general

Unbreakable resistance of Ukrainian women (Feminists UA on X, July 6th)

Government Supports Trade Union Initiative for Humanitarian Demining Sappers (Confederation of Free Trade Unions of Ukraine, 2 July)

Changes in Ukraine's military top brass: who was fired and why, and what we can expect from their successors (Ukrainska Pravda, June 26th)

Events about Ukrainian recovery in Berlin (Feminist Workshop, June 21st)

IDPs in Ukraine (Feminist Workshop, June 13th)

War-related news from Russia

Russia’s losses: 120,000 dead and counting (Meduza, 5 July)

Kremlin propaganda and ‘the language of ultimatums’ (Meduza, 5 July)

Five Profiles in Courage and Compassion (The Russian Reader, July 1st)

Analysis and comment

Modern left must change tech policy approach (Commons.com.ua, 3 July)

ICC arrest warrants deal fatal blow to demand that Ukraine accepts Russian occupation 'in exchange for peace' (Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group, July 1st)

Conversation about Ukraine (Mikkel Orsted Sauzet, February-April 2023)

Research of human rights abuses

New ICC Warrants Issued for Ukraine Crimes (Human Rights Watch, June 26th)

International solidarity

Report on Solidarity Zone’s work: first half of 2024 (Solidarity Zone on facebook, 6 July)

Collective care and international solidarity (Feminist Workshop, June 5th)


đź”´This bulletin is put together by labour movement activists in solidarity with Ukrainian resistance. More information at Ukraine Information Group.

We are also on twitter. Our aim is to circulate information in English that to the best of our knowledge is reliable. If you have something you think we should include, please send it to 2U022ukrainesolidarity@gmail.com.

We are now on Facebook and Substack! Please subscribe and tell friends. Better still, people can email us at 2022ukrainesolidarity@gmail.com, and we’ll send them the bulletin direct every Monday. The full-scale Russian assault on Ukraine is going into its third year: we’ll keep information and analysis coming, for as long as it takes.

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News From Ukraine đź’Ł Bulletin 105

 

A Morning Thought @ 2212

Muiris Ó SúilleabháinIt could be argued, with some merit, that the British parliamentary election of 2024, finally saw Big House Nationalism overtake Big House Unionism as the dominant political force in the north of Ireland.

That Big House Nationalism as now exemplified by New Sinn FĂ©in presented the electorate with a party manifesto, painfully devoid of substance or policy. Treating their electorate with such disdain, was an indicator that the election was to be fought along tribal lines. A calculated risk was taken by the new kitchen cabinet, that the vote for us or you will get them policy was the one that would resonate best with those who bothered to vote in an election with the lowest recorded turnout.

A few weeks previous, the election in the 26 had been a disaster for Southern Sinn FĂ©in. Mary Lou, Pearse and Eoin saw their populist political posturing and smugness overwhelmingly rejected by the vast majority of the electorate. Decimation was only prevented, and the southern leadership saved (for now) by the vote transfers of Aontu, the far right, and various socialist parties.

FF/FG and the media, surgically dissected the policies of SSF, as not costed, not worked out, remarkably centrist and similar to FF/FG policy. FF/FG also publicly highlighted the abysmal failure of NSF in the north to make any substantial progress on the issues they claimed that they alone could solve in the south.

NSF will have been delighted that their political opponents and the media chose to make this election a sectarian head count. Pat Cullen was harassed about her views on historical IRA actions rather than facing scrutiny about the glaring contradictions of her standing for a party that actively cut nurses pay and refused health workers a pay rise when they held the Stormont Ministries responsible i.e. Health (O’Neill) and Finance (O’Muilleoir).

NSF will be actually aware, privately, that their recent “success” (managing to retain the same number of seats and the same percentage of votes) was a byproduct of Unionist disunity rather than the “seismic shift” towards reunification that some dubious commentators are portraying.

With a refreshed mandate not to be the DUP, Northern Sinn FĂ©in, have promised (again) that they will “continue” to put the rights of workers and families to the fore front as they govern the north of Ireland. The northern leadership of Michelle, Conor and John have already recommitted to ask the British Exchequer (nicely) for more money for public service reform and payrises in the north.

Michelle and Mary Lou have also asked for a not inconsiderable bung on the side to allow the First Minister to deliver what her party`s Finance & Economy Ministers could not deliver, a new football pitch in West Belfast.

I live in hope for the day when the media and voters will begin to challenge NSF on actual delivery and outcomes rather than buying into the busted flush of border poll mania. A forensic examination of what they have achieved in the north since they entered Government 26 years ago could provide the baseline for a credible challenge to their hegemony.

There is now an entire generation in the north who have not lived under Westminster direct rule, and for most people Unionist misrule is a historical memory. Conditions in the north are now directly comparable, in relative terms, to the conditions that gave birth to the civil rights movement of the 1960s.

20% of the population are leaving school with literacy levels that are not considered functional.

In figures that dwarf the South in per capita terms, 55,000 people presented as homeless, including a shocking 4,500 children in 23/24.

Absolute child poverty rates in West Belfast remain the highest in the UK and at 21% are comparable to post invasion Iraq.

27% of the northern population are economically inactive which is primarily linked to disability and illness surpassing unemployment rates in both Gaza and Sudan.

The differential in life expectancy between the richest and the poorest in the north has grown to a striking 14 years and the number of people reporting poor or bad health has risen by 50% since the 2011 census.

Waiting lists for cancer treatments have increased to the extent that international targets, (that will save your life) are not being met.

83,000 people are dependent upon foodbanks, and the opening of new foodbanks are viewed as nothing more than good photo opportunities for progressive Ministers.

This is a snapshot of life in the north in 2024. It demonstrates how the people of the North are being failed, not by the “Brits” or Big House Unionism but by the parties that have led the north for the last 26 years. This includes the progressive party of change NSF, which has held executive powers in all the ministries responsible, but has singularly failed to bring about any progressive change in 26 years.

A deeper delve, beyond this snapshot of post GFA NI, would clearly show that he peace dividend has bypassed most working-class communities across the north. Inequalities remain clustered in the same areas (primarily in Belfast and Derry) as they were in 1969. The issues remain the same.

Big House Nationalism has failed us all, while heavy on rhetoric, New Sinn FĂ©in have failed to address in any meaningful way the systemic and endemic inequalities that still pervade across our society: Meet the new boss same as the old boss.

Mountains of “peace money” from the states and the EU, which should have been used to address these critical issues effectively, was squandered on vanity projects whose sole purpose was to keep certain republicans on board the peace train.

NSF Ministers in the north continue to copiously fund community and voluntary organisations who make no or minimal impact upon their communities and provide nothing but an employability programme for the loyal soldiers of a long-forgotten war and their extended families.

Public money was sacrificed to “solidify” the “peace process” and this obscenity continues in 2024, thirty years after the first sos. NSF, funded indirectly by the British, maintain a frightening level of coercive control over their communities preventing a radical alternative emerging in the north. Community groups and the ubiquitous community workers serve the “movement” in much the same way as the “Committees for the Defence of the Revolution” serve the Cuban establishment.

When I raised these matters with the NSF canvasser at my door recently, I was blandly told that a vote for NSF was a vote for change. As the NSF canvas teams left in their top of the range cars, I pondered that change should have and could have started 26 years ago. I see no appetite or capacity within NSF to change anything.

Why would they change or want to change the status quo when the “movement” and its activists are the sole beneficiaries of the “peace process gravy train.”

This is a subject that I hope to explore in greater detail in my next article.

The hysteria that NSF and their proxies have created about a border poll and the questionable significance of a football pitch in West Belfast are deflections. Distractions designed to keep the troops busy and happy and to fool the base into believing the myth of movement towards the republic.

A border poll which has been on the statute books for 50+ years, will not bring The Republic. In the remote chance that the British call one, there is an even more distant probability that it will be successful. The recent election results north and south are the clearest indicators in some time that it is not on the agenda of either Government. Why would it be, when the great and the good of “Irelands Future” as embodied by Brian Feeney couldn’t even fill a medium sized concert venue in Belfast despite a national mobilisation by New SF.

Starmer came north in the first few days of his term to underpin that the British approach will be consistent under his tutelage. The bipartisan approach to the north that has existed in the UK since 1922 will continue. With a majority of 174 and at least three terms in his sights, Starmer has no need (or appetite) to appease the 7 abstentionist MPs from NSF. The notion that they (NSF) could “pile the pressure” on the UK establishment to accede to a polite request for a border poll is as preposterous as it sounds.

Likewise, building a new football pitch in West Belfast won’t eradicate the endemic child poverty in that area. “Families and workers” (© NSF) will still be dependent upon foodbanks and the number of children requiring free school meals will continue to increase.

How anyone could argue that Albania versus Georgia in Andytown will generate prosperity for Belfast is beyond slapstick. It will, for a few days, increase the profits for pubs, clubs, hotels and taxis etc in the vicinity of Casement, (cui bono? ). If it happens, it will be sold to us as a victory for NSF (over Unionism) and presented as a triumph for the progressive politics and change that we were promised.

I have no doubt the Wolf Tones will sell out the opening concert and that the “peoples” paper and Feile will instruct us all that the building of Casement is a vicarious victory for the bold IRA. Danny and Gerry might even get a stand named after them.

Children will still be hungry families and workers will continue to struggle and the poor will still be the poor.

Muiris Ă“ SĂşilleabháin was a member of the Republican Movement until he retired in 2006 after 20 years of service. Fiche bhliain ag fás.

Big House Nationalism

Lynx By Ten To The Power Of One Thousand One Hundred And Twenty Four

Right Wing Watch đź‘€ In June, a variety of far-right pastors gathered in Utah for a “Building Christian Boroughs” conference organized by the New Christendom Press.

Kyle Mantyla

Among the participants was pastor Joel Webbon, an ardent Christian nationalist who believes that the American people are too degenerate, stupid, and cowardly to abide by the Constitution and therefore must be governed by a Christian dictator who “just rules with an iron fist” and forces everyone to, at the very least, “pretend to be Christian.”

Webbon—who wants to see the Apostles’ Creed added to the Constitution; abortion, pornography, no-fault divorce, in vitro fertilization, and birth control outlawed; and women banned from voting—participated in a conference panel discussion on “Christian Nationalism, Women in Politics, & Jewish Influence on American Society” during which he declared that immigration must be curtailed and the southern border sealed because his neighborhood in Texas is being overrun by non-white non-Christians.

“We can’t afford to lose Texas,” Webbon said.

Unless something drastically happens, I think by 2028, Texas will officially be blue in presidential elections, in large part because of the border.

Continue reading @ Right Wing Watch.

Christian Nationalist Joel Webbon Traumatized By Non-Christians In His Neighborhood

Lynx By Ten To The Power Of One Thousand One Hundred And Twenty Three

 

A Morning Thought @ 2211

Pádraig O Maonaigh ✍ For the first time in maybe 2 years the procession to Weavers Park was done without the company of Anthony who was on his annual leave for sunnier climes.


But he would have enjoyed this one despite what seemed like a missed opportunity for all 3 points. We decided to replace him with another Anthony and see what happens.

This season's Drogheda United team have been lodged in the mire of a relegation battle, and with July being the opening of the transfer window it offers two paths to LOI Premier redemption. One is via the transfer window, the other is by prayer. St Anthony is renowned for his legend in helping recover lost items, which for this Drogheda team equates to points at home. The opportunity to invoke the saints is perhaps a one-off as my atheist friend Anthony of the McIntyre’s will certainly abstain from such initiatives when he's back. So it was left to me and Jay to pray from the stands.

Fresh hope descended to Weavers park this week in the form of 3 positive transfers yet the injury list is of huge concern. Douglas James Taylor made his debut tonight at home to league leaders Shelbourne along with the returning Elicha Ahui who was making his second debut having played on-loan with the Drogs last season. The third Shane Farrell came from tonight's opposition Shelbourne and was not included.

We took our seats nearer to the Cross Lanes entrance than usual as we were later arriving, and this provided a slightly different experience to being so close to the Ultras section in that you could hear more discussion and debate usually not possible in the vicinity of the vociferous support section. The general atmosphere on a sunny dry evening was optimistic with a great turnout and the great escape was hoped to commence.

Drogheda started well. For the first 15 minutes they saw most of the ball and were setting the tone. An early yellow for Darragh Markey for an alleged dive while attacking towards the Shelbourne penalty area set the crowd off against referee Paul McLaughlin who was unpopular with the home fans until the later stages of the game where his decisions would have real consequences for Shelbourne.

As has happened on so many occasions this season the weakness in the Drogheda defense was exposed from a set-piece by a Tyreke Wilson header as Drogheda failed to clear with Andrew Wogan pinned in onto his line. The visitors were 1-0 up and you could hear the groans among the support about another soft goal being conceded. Drogheda's best first half chance fell to Luke Heeney who forced a good save by Shelbourne keeper Kearns.

When the teams came out for the second half Drogheda played more long balls than would be usual, perhaps feeling the absence of Gary Deegan who offers an option for short passes from the defense. Drogheda's best chance of getting in behind from open play would come to the new number 10 Taylor who found himself chasing a through ball into the penalty area but for some reason tried to turn onto his right foot instead of hitting with his left allowing the Shelbourne defenders to smother the threat.

While Drogheda continued to pursue an equaliser much through the endeavor of substitute Ryan Brennan, everything changed in the 79th minute when Paddy Barrett was sent off for a second yellow having only just received his first. Barrett irritated the home support with a desperately slow march across the pitch towards Locky’s corner, preventing Drogheda from recommencing play quickly. Only three minutes later the Shelbourne goal scorer, Wilson, was also sent off for a second yellow for a blatant but perhaps accidental handball in the box as Drogheda tried to make the extra man count.


Up stepped Douglas James-Taylor the Walsall loanee to coolly equalize from the spot. Shelbourne from then on employed every time-wasting tactic imaginable to hold on for a point as the crowd roared Drogheda on. Shel’s keeper Kearns done what Jay calls “The Pickford '' on numerous occasions while sending all balls long into the opposition corner and seizing every opportunity to go down injured.

Drogheda had to settle for a point despite what seemed like a certain winner in the dying stages as Killian Cailloce had a guilt edged opportunity to win it but failed to convert.


If we'd have won I may have had more grounds for promoting the merits of prayer to Anthony on his return as we wish to avoid St Jude of lost causes, but we left satisfied enough that the spark for a revival may be possible if Trivia follow up the early July transfer activity with more reinforcements who will be required if we are to rely on more than prayer.                    

Pádraig O Maonaigh is a Drogheda United season ticket holder.

Drogs ⚽ A Prayer To St. Anthony

Lynx By Ten To The Power Of One Thousand One Hundred And Twenty Two

GearĂłid Ă“ Loingsigh ☭ writing in Rebel Breeze. 

Statements from Petro’s government and the Historic Pact on drugs are as trustworthy as those of Duque, Santos and Uribe. In their haste to show results they resort to deception or statements not sustained by any real figures.

So much so that, a few days prior to publishing his drug policy, Petro declared victory in the war on coca due to the increase in fentanyl consumption in the USA.

Coca crop growing in Colombia (photo cred: GOL)

It didn’t matter that his actual drug policy that he later published stated the exact opposite, something I have dealt with in a previous article.1

Once again they announce a victory on the basis of imprecise figures. Gustavo BolĂ­var through his twitter account states that:

  • Kilo of coca leaf: $6,000 pesos2
  • Kilo of cocoa: $32,500 pesos
  • The result of a change in strategy in the fight against drug trafficking. The Government stopped fumigating crops, the supply increased and the price fell. Now thousands of families are substituting coca for cacao.3
Picked coca leaves (photo cred: GOL)

The figures are not false, but they portray a falsehood. BolĂ­var wants us to believe that the price of coca leaf has fallen over the course of this government, compared to previous ones.

He also wants us to believe that the price of cocoa is due to the policies of the current government and the increase in crops can be explained by the same reason.

However, the same documents from the government give us a price for a kilo of coca leaf in 2021 or $2,300 pesos, which significantly lower than the $6,000 cited by BolĂ­var for 2024.4 The UN has come up with similar figures. Thus the price has risen not fallen since 2021.

Also, BolĂ­var doesn’t cite any figures of the price of base or paste, or the final product. Many peasants usually process the coca leaf rather than sell it on, though the sale of coca leaf does take place.

Cocao “pods” in tree (photo cred: GOL)

As for the cocoa, the area sown has doubled between 2009 and 2022, rising from 109,357 hectares to 229,974 hectares.5 Though it is worth pointing out that the UN uses lower figures on this.

Every government saw in cocoa a cash crop, even before Plan Colombia when the USA included it as a crop to promote amongst coca-growing peasants.

In 2006, the infamous minister of agriculture, Andrés Felipe Arias included cocoa as one of the main crops he wanted to promote through his Export Drive awarding subsidies, loans and tax benefits to those who grow cocoa.6
Cocao “beans” in the harvested fruit (photo cred: GOL)

In 2009, the year in which the slow rise in the planting of cocoa began, the Dioceses of Tumaco warned about a number of projects that, in its opinion, damaged the communities, amongst them, the monoculture of cocoa.7

This monoculture was not achieved through large companies, but rather through thousands of small scale producers, all growing the same.

In many parts, including the cocoa municipalities par excellence of Carmen de ChucurĂ­ and San Vicente de ChucurĂ­ in the department of Santander, the monoculture of cocoa is the end result of the planting by thousands of small scale producers.

It accounts for 25% of arable land in the department.

Then with the Plan Diamante proposals for the “development” of the north of the country, they didn’t just talk of road infrastructure such as the Ruta del Sol, but they also talked about cocoa and other cash crops such as African palm.8 There is nothing new under the sun.

So coca is more expensive than when Petro won the presidency and the increase in the production of cocoa has nothing to do with this government.

It is an old policy, which has not been able to undo the fall in the international price of cocoa since the 1970s, despite an increase at the beginning of this century due to wars in the Ivory Coast. It is a policy that sectors of the left criticised.

There are sectors that continue to criticise these proposals and there are left sectors who have jobs in the current government and pay more attention to their bank balance.
Coca processing lab, Colombia (photo cred: GOL)

But, if we wish to discuss drug policy we need transparency and honesty from this government.

Petro’s previous declarations on this issue leave a lot to be desired and this latest statement from Gustavo BolĂ­var indicates that just like the Catholic nuns in the schools, he believes that appearances are more important than being.

Petro’s government will come to end without resolving this problem, it is beyond the ability of any one government, but neither will it have done anything of substance, but will, without a doubt present a report that says the exact opposite.

Notes

1Ă“ Loingsigh, G. (25/09/2023) Coca, Fentanilo y PolĂ­tica de Drogas en Colombia. 

2: As of July 4th 2024, there were 4,089 pesos to the dollar and in 2021, 4,024 approximately.

3See.

4VĂ©ase BoletĂ­n Sobre Precios de las Drogas IlĂ­citas. Año 2021. 

5See.

6Ă“ Loingsigh, G. (2007) El Catatumbo: Un Reto Por La Verdad. Bogotá. CISCA. Pp. 191-195 

7: DiĂłcesis de Tumaco (2009) ¡Que nadie diga que no pasa nada! Balance No. 1, Tumaco pág 51

8: Ó Loingsigh, G. (2019) Extractivismo y muerte en el nororiente. Bogotá. EJP pp. 13-16 https://www.academia.edu/41633218/Extractivismo_y_muerte_en_el_nororiente

⏩ GearĂłid Ă“ Loingsigh is a political and human rights activist with extensive experience in Latin America.

Deceptive Figures In Drugs Policy

Lynx By Ten To The Power Of One Thousand One Hundred And Twenty One